Idukki Dam is one among the famous dams in the World. This is a wonder of INDIA, and this Dam is situated in Idukki District, in the Very Famous ” Gods Own Country ” Kerala.
Due to its beauty and architect wonder, this Idukki Dam attracts thousands of tourists in a year. Moreover, They never went back without satisfaction. The primary aim of this article is to make our young generation aware of our places and how we came to this Position. It is by Hard Work and Vision of lots of People Like ” Kolumban.” Apart from textbooks, Our children should also know about our History and Struggles.
A detailed article on ” Kolumban ” will be published soon 🙂
A Look Back On IDUKKI DAM History
This Above Picture Show The Spot Where The Dam Is Build Now.
The likelihood of Hydroelectric advancement at Idukki was first considered in 1919. According to history Shri Kolumban, the head of ‘Oorali’ race amid 1922 demonstrated the route, to the Malankara Estate Superintendent and his companion Thomas, who were on chasing binge in the backwoods, the spot of present Arch Dam. He let them know of the legend of Kuravan and Kurathi Hills.
The brain of Thomas was mixed by seeing water stream between the mountains and his thought influenced the fantasy to be valid for Idukki Arch Dam. Sri. W.J.John of Malankara Estate presented an answer to the Government of Travancore in 1932 on the possibility of building a dam at Idukki for Power Generation.
Now I m Concluding the History for a while… I will write a detailed History soon. So, stay tuned.
Finally, to the main part of the article.
Things You Should Know About Idukki Dam
#1 Idukki Dam is Asia’s First Arch Dam
Seriously, Idukki dam is the first Arch Dam in Asia. Idukki Dam has a height of 168.91 meters (555 feet). Idukki Dam with its reservoir has a water holding capacity of 2,000 M.cum (2 Billion Tonnes).
The Dam constructed between the two mountains Kuravanmala and Kuravathimala which is across the largest River in Kerala ” Periyar.” This river Periyar is also known the ” Lifeline of Kerala,” and it proved by providing a significant amount of water to Idukki reservoir and helped to produce a tremendous amount of power in the state.
#2 Biggest Hydroelectric power station In Kerala
Idukki Dam produces the largest amount of Power in Kerala. Its Hydroelectric power station can generate about 780MW power where Sabarigiri station in the second position can only provide 340 MW power! Idukki Hydroelectric project was significant Hydroelectric project ever done in Kerala since the Supply of current started.
More than 60% of Power is supplied in Kerala is from this power station.
#3 One Among Top Biggest Dams In India
Looking through all the major dams in INDIA Idukki Dam have marked its position among the Top Dams. Anyhow the dam is counted in the top ten list. It is the biggest dam of its kind (a concrete, double curvature parabolic, thin arc dam) in Asia and the second-biggest in the world.
#4 No Shutters in Idukki Dam
Idukki Dam does not have any shutters to Open and Close! Idukki Dam acts as a wall. The Cheruthoni Dam which is built alone with Idukki dam have the Shutters for opening in case of an increase in the water above the limit.
In the past, it has opened twice. The first time was in 1981 and the second time was in 1992. In 2013 it was about to open, but it did not. Even I was also one among the people went there to see its opening, but unfortunately, it did not happen.
#5 longest Underground power station in India?
Even though the Dam is in Idukki. The Electricity Production does not happen here. It is in Moolamattom the dam is connected to the power station Via an Underground Tunnel which is almost 5 Km Long. This is the longest underground Power Station tunnel in INDIA!
I swear, I was not knowing about this until I started gathering Information.
We Should Be Very Thankful To Kolumban The Man Who Changed The River Into Biggest Arch Dam In Asia!
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